|Mariette (1821 - Cairo 1881) was sent to Egypt in 1850 to purchase Coptic manuscripts. He failed but started excavations in Saqqara, where he found the Serapeum, a necropolis containing bulls mummified in honour of Serapis.
He later carried out other excavations on various sites, thus unearthing some of the greatest works of art in Ancient Egypt.
In 1863 he founded in Bulaq a museum whose collections are the mainstay of the present Cairo Museum.
He donated his own collection of Egyptian antiquities to the Boulogne Museum now situated in the old castle (Upper town).